Sore throats can be very painful, especially when you swallow. People of all ages are susceptible to soar throats, but children, smokers, people with allergies, and people with compromised immune systems are more at risk.
Most sore throats are caused by a virus, such as the common cold, flu, measles, chicken pox, whooping cough, croup, and mono. Bacterial infections, such as strep throat or tonsillitis, can also cause soar throats. Allergies, smoking, dry air, irritants such as pollution or tobacco smoke and chemicals, yelling, HIV infections, and tumors are other causes.
Mild sore throats can be treated with home remedies or over the counter pain relievers. Soar throats caused by bacterial infections require antibiotics prescribed by your doctor.
STREP THROAT SYMPTOMS
- Fever higher than 101°F
- White draining patches on the throat
- Swollen lymph glands in the neck
- Headache and stomach pain (only children)
see a doctor immediately if:
- Drooling or difficulty swallowing
- Trouble breathing
- Warm and cold fluids
- Over-the-counter antihistamines and pain relievers
- Steam and humidity
- Hot toddy