What causes Eye Infections? 

Eye infections occur when bacteria, fungi, or viruses infect the eyeball or the area surrounding it. People of all ages are susceptible to eye infections. Those who wear eye glasses, specifically those who don’t regularly clean them, are more at risk due to bacteria or fungal buildup.

Understanding Eye Infections

There are many different types of eye disorders including styes, chalazions, conjunctivitis, conjunctival hemorrhages and corneal abrasions. All eye disorders require a diagnosis from a provider.

Types of Eye Infections:


A common eye infection that is seen across the community is often referred to as pink eye or conjunctivitis. Conjunctivitis can be either bacterial, viral or allergic and treatment depends on the type. Conjunctivitis can be spread to others. If you are experiencing eye redness or eye drainage you should be seen by a medical professional for evaluation and treatment.

Styes and Chalazions:

Styes and chalazions often have eyelid swelling with some pain associated. A medical diagnosis is required and then treatment will be decided based on the diagnosis.

Corneal abrasions:

Corneal abrasions are typically resulted from an injury to the cornea which may require treatment with antibiotic drops or ointments. If you have blunt force trauma to the eye you should proceed straight to the ER or call 911.

Conjunctival Hemorrhage:

Conjunctival hemorrhage is when you have eye redness in one eye only and not associated with any changes in vision or eye drainage. This is typically caused by straining such as coughing.

If at any time you experience loss of vision, blurry vision or changes in vision, it is recommended that you proceed straight to the ER for further treatment and evaluation or call 911 for assistance.