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Hydration 101

Now that we’re experiencing the hot days of summer in New Orleans, we have been seeing more dehydrated patients. Westbank Urgent Care is dedicated to informing you and your family about staying hydrated in these hot summer months!

  1.  Dehydration is when a person haslost 2% of his or her body weight in fluid.
  2.  Dehydration can happen all year ‘round, but it’s very important to be careful during the hot summer months.A major cause of dehydration is sweating.Hot, humid summer weather can increase the amount you sweat thus the amount of fluid you may lose.
  3.  Exercising outside? Just mowing the lawn? Be sure you’redrinking plenty of water. When it’s hot and humid, your risk of dehydration and heat illness increases.
  4. Infants and children can be especially vulnerable to dehydration. Due to their body size and weight, infants and children have a higher turnover of water and electrolytes.A child needs about twice as many fluids as an adult.  Is your child playing sports this summer? Drinking plenty of fluids before, during and after practices and games will prevent dehydration.
  5.  Mild to moderate dehydration can be treated by drinking water, but severe dehydration demands immediate medical treatment.Try to keep an eye out on how much fluid you’re maintaining by measuring water intake and refills.
  6.  Ouch!Dehydration can also cause muscle cramps. When you’re low on liquids, the fluid outside your muscle cells decreases and nerve endings become irritated, causing cramping. This is more prominent in older people and athletes.
  7. Dehydration can also cause a craving for sweetsby depleting your body’s glucose levels. This will cause you to start reaching for those candy bars or a soda. This craving can be dangerous though: unneeded sugar exits the body through the kidneys, taking water with it. Swap the Snickers for a water!
  8.  Proper hydration isn’t about water intake.The foods you eat also affect how much hydrated you stay. In the summer months, try eating water-rich foods like fresh lettuce, watermelon, grapefruit, or broccoli!
  9.  Dehydration is 100% preventable, butin the case of serious dehydration, medical attention should be sought. Intravenous rehydration (or IV) is a treatment used to restore lost fluids in the patient’s arm. IV’s are administered at an urgent care or emergency facility.
  10.  How much fluid should you be drinking? 8 glasses a day is what our mom’s used to tell us, but it isn’t 100% accurate.It really is dependent on your needs and lifestyle.

We’ve come up with a chart that will give you a general idea:

Body Weight Daily Fluid Requirements (Approximate)
10 pounds 15 ounces
20 pounds 30 ounces
30 pounds 40 ounces
40 pounds 45 ounces
50 pounds 50 ounces
75 pounds 55 ounces
100 pounds 60 ounces
150 pounds 65 ounces
200 pounds 70 ounces

 

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