A burn is damage to the skin or tissues caused by contact with an electrical current or a hot source. Burns can be classified as First, Second, Third and Fourth degrees.
- First-degree burns involve only the outer layer of skin, which is the epidermis. These burns usually appear red and swollen. There is no blistering with first-degree burns. These burns usually heal within 3-6 days without permanent scarring.
- Second-degree burns involve the epidermis and some or all of the dermis. (The dermis is the layer below the epidermis.) Blistering is usually noted with second-degree burns, which are red in color. However, a deep second-degree burn may appear white in color and often is not painful. Second-degree burns usually heal in 10-21 days, but may be associated with significant scarring.
- Third-degree burns involve the entire dermis and destroy the hair follicles and sweat glands. These burns are white in appearance and also are not painful. Third degree burns require skin grafting to heal properly. Fourth-degree burns occur when the injury extends to the bone, and are often seen with electrical burns. EMERGENCY ROOM!
Some second degree burns and all third and fourth degree burns require immediate medical attention. A burn on the hands, face or genitals requires immediate medical attention.
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If you have experienced a minor burn, please call one of our conveniently located clinics. If